Despite the common perception of Alaska as an extensive, icy terrain, it is, in fact, host to various ecosystems and a rich assortment of birds. A portion of these avian residents maintains a year-round presence, contrasting with migratory species that grace the state with their existence only during specific seasons. This piece will delve into 24 prevalent backyard bird species in Alaska, delivering comprehensive insights into each one.
Following the introduction to these feathered inhabitants, we will explore effective approaches to allure them to your yard. Additionally, a concise overview of ten varieties of bird feeders suitable for your avian visitors will be provided. To enrich your birdwatching encounters, recommendations for prime birdwatching locations in Alaska will be presented, along with a spotlight on noteworthy local birdwatching organizations.
Accurately determining the precise count of bird species in Alaska, North America, or the United States poses a challenge. Nonetheless, according to the 2021 report from the Alaska Checklist Committee, a minimum of 530 bird species has been documented in the state. For the scope of this article, emphasis will be placed on species commonly encountered in urban settings and backyards across Alaska.
A Close Examination of 24 Backyard Birds in Alaska
In the upcoming sections, we will scrutinize 24 distinct species of backyard birds in Alaska, encompassing both permanent residents and seasonal visitors. While this assortment may not encompass the entire spectrum of the state’s avian population, it does spotlight the birds most inclined to frequent Alaskan backyards. Let’s delve into this avian exploration!
1: American Crow: Corvus brachyrhynchos
- Scientific name: Corvus brachyrhynchos
- Length: 15.8-20.9 inches
- Weight: 11.2-21.9 ounces
- Wingspan: 33.5-39.4 inches
The American crow, scientifically identified as Corvus brachyrhynchos, presents a striking appearance characterized by its solid black plumage and substantial size. Renowned for their high intelligence, akin to their crow counterparts, these birds showcase exceptional problem-solving abilities. Often gathering in large groups on tree canopies, they maintain vigilant surveillance of their surroundings. In the presence of potential threats, such as owls or hawks, the roosting crows emit warning calls to alert others to nearby dangers.
In the regions of southeast and south-central Alaska, American Crows can be spotted throughout the entire year. Despite their considerable size, they are not frequent visitors to bird feeders due to their omnivorous diet, which is not well-suited for typical bird foods. Instead, they exhibit scavenging behavior, rummaging through trash if not properly managed.
The American Crow’s amalgamation of intelligence and adaptability contributes significantly to its resilience and popularity within Alaskan ecosystems.
- Scientific name: Poecile atricapillus
- Length: 4.7-5.9 inches
- Weight: 0.3-0.5 ounces
- Wingspan: 6.3-8.3 inches
The black-capped chickadee, scientifically known as Poecile atricapillus, is a petite bird distinguished by its unique appearance. Identified by their “black caps” and bibs, these birds possess rounded bodies adorned with solid white cheeks, dark gray wings and back, and a light, feathery underbody. Frequently seen at bird feeders, they exhibit lively behavior, darting energetically between feeders and shelters.
Remarkably bold given their size, Black-capped Chickadees are often among the first birds to explore new food sources in the yard. Their year-round presence in southern Alaska and inland areas enhances the appeal of birdwatching.
These diminutive birds readily visit various seed suppliers, displaying a preference for mixed seeds and black sunflower seeds. Their presence adds excitement to the bird life in Alaska’s backyards, contributing to a vibrant and engaging environment for observers.
- Scientific name: Pica hudsonia
- Length: 17.7-23.6 inches
- Weight: 5.1-7.4 ounces
- Wingspan: 22.1-24.0 inches
The striking black-billed magpie, scientifically identified as Pica hudsonia, seamlessly combines the distinctive form of a jay with the substantial size of a crow. Featuring a black head, chest, and back, accented by bright white shoulders and sides, as well as metallic blue highlights along the wings and elongated tail, these birds radiate captivating beauty.
Demonstrating a versatile diet that encompasses fruit, grains, insects, small mammals, carcasses, and eggs, black-billed magpies exhibit resourcefulness in their foraging habits. Their unique behavior includes perching on the backs of large mammals like elk or deer, diligently searching for ticks amidst their fur. Uninhibited and sociable, these flashy birds often perch in trees or on fence posts, emitting distinctive calls, especially when in groups.
As year-round residents of southern Alaska, black-billed magpies contribute to the vibrant ambiance of the region. While they typically favor open lands, these magpies may venture into backyards. To attract them, one can offer sunflower seeds and peanuts on a pedestal tray, provide lard offerings, or present fruit such as half an orange. The inclusion of black-billed magpies brings bold charm to the Alaskan landscape and enhances the bird-watching experience.
4:wooden bird down
Scientific name: Picoides pubescens
Length: 5.5-6.7 inches
Weight: 0.7-1.0 ounces
Wingspan: 9.8-11.8 inches
The Downy Woodpecker, the smallest woodpecker in North America, is distinguishable by its white underbody, black wings featuring white spots, a black-and-white striped head, and a red spot on the back of the head in males. Found throughout the year in southern and western Alaska, they may exhibit slightly subdued colors in Pacific species. A favored visitor at bird feeders, Downy Woodpeckers show a preference for mixed seeds, black sunflower seeds, and suet.
5: White-headed sparrow
Scientific name: Zonotrichia leucophrys
Length: 5.9-6.3 inches
Weight: 0.9-1.0 ounces
Wingspan: 8.3-9.4 inches
White-crowned sparrows are remarkable for their seasonal migration, spending summers in the northern regions of Canada and Alaska and embarking on a winter journey across the United States. Identified by their distinctive black-and-white striped head, the rest of their face, chest, and abdomen exhibit a plain gray-brown color.
These sparrows are avid foragers, frequently seen in fields, along roads, and trails. When visiting bird feeders, they tend to stay on the ground, collecting scattered seeds. In Alaska, white-crowned sparrows are primarily present during spring and summer, with occasional winter sightings along the southeast/interior passage.
Displaying an affinity for picking up fallen seeds, these sparrows can be attracted and supported by offering a variety of seeds, including sunflower seeds, millet, and mixed seeds.
Now, shifting to the Pine Grosbeak (scientific name: Pinicola ennucleator), these large, stout birds have gray bodies, with males featuring pinkish-red on the head, chest, and back, while females display yellow on the head and rump. Their thick black beaks are short and robust, ideal for extracting seeds from spruce, pine, and juniper trees. Although their primary diet consists of seeds, fruits, and buds, they supplement it with insects during the summer. Found not only in North America but also across northern Eurasia, Pine Grosbeaks inhabit open coniferous forests at higher elevations. They are year-round residents in most of central and southern Alaska.
To attract Pine Grosbeaks to bird feeders, especially during winter, offering black oil sunflower seeds or shelled sunflower seeds is recommended. Given their size, these birds prefer pedestal feeders, hoppers, or feeders with large perches.
6: PINE grosbeak
Scientific name: Pinicola ennucleator
Length: 7.9 – 9.8 inches
Wingspan: 13.0 inches
Pine Grosbeak is a large, healthy bird with a gray body. Males have pinkish-red coloration on their head, chest, and back, while females have yellow coloration on their head and rump. Characterized by their thick, short, black beaks, they are excellent at obtaining seeds from spruce, pine, and juniper trees.
Although their main diet consists of seeds, fruits, and buds, Pine Grosbeaks still incorporate insects into their summer food intake. Noteworthy is their presence not only in North America but also throughout northern Eurasia. They live in open coniferous forests at higher elevations.
Throughout central and southern Alaska, Pine Grosbeaks can be found year-round.
To attract Pine Grosbeak to birders, especially during winter, offer black oil sunflower seeds or shelled sunflower seeds. Given their size, these birds prefer pedestal feeders, hoppers or tube feeders with ample perching space.
AMERICAN ROBIN Scientific name: Turdus migratorius Length: 7.9-11.0 in Weight: 2.7-3.0 oz Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in Common in backyard, robins mostly seen hopping around lawns looking for worms and other invertebrates to eat. Although they occasionally visit bird feeders, they usually do not eat seeds. Their bright orange round belly, yellow beak, and larger size make them easy to identify. They are regular singers and can be heard from morning to night. Robins can be found throughout Alaska during the summer months, and some persist year-round along the remote south coast. American Robins do not often visit seed feeders, so attract them with mealworms, native fruit-bearing plants or bird baths.
7: Canada Jay: Perisoreus canadensis
- Scientific name: Perisoreus canadensis
- Length: 9.8 – 11.4 inches
- Weight: 2.0 – 3.0 ounces
The resilient Canada Jay, scientifically known as Perisoreus canadensis, thrives in icy landscapes and can be spotted across Canada, including the far north, year-round. These adept birds make their home in the high-elevation boreal forests, where they breed even during the cold, dark months of February and March—a behavior unique to many bird species in the region Wait until late spring to incubate the eggs.
Both male and female Canada jays have a predominantly gray body with a darker back, complemented by a pale head decorated with a dark band on the nape. In contrast, juveniles have dark overall plumage. Known for their constant search for food, these jays display remarkable curiosity and fearlessness when interacting with humans.
In the boreal forests and interior of Alaska, the Canada Jay is a year-round resident, adding resilience and adaptability to the region’s avian tapestry. Unlike some of their counterparts, Canada Jays readily visit bird feeders, showing satisfaction with diets that include seeds or suet. Their presence provides a unique and fascinating experience for bird watchers in the Alaskan wilderness.
Scientific name: Poecile hudsonicus
Length: 4.9 – 5.5 inches
Weight: 0.3-0.4 ounces
Boreal Chickadees, characterized by their small and round shape, have distinctive colors that set them apart from other Chickadee species. Look for a black chin, brown head and back, gray wings, white belly and rusty brown sides for easy identification.
As their name suggests, these chicks live in the boreal forests of the north, with Alaska being the best US state to observe, as they usually don’t venture farther north. men compared to Canada. During the warmer months, they diligently hoard food to sustain them through the winter when food becomes harder to find.
Resident year-round in the evergreen forests of southern and interior Alaska, Boreal Chickadees readily visit feeders and may be attracted to your yard if nest boxes are added.
Scientific name: Turdus Migratorius
Length: 7.9-11.0 inches
Weight: 2.7-3.0 ounces
Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 inches
Common in backyards, American Robins often hop across lawns in search of worms and other invertebrates. Although they may occasionally visit bird feeders, their diet usually does not include seeds. Identification is made easy by its bright orange round belly, yellow bill, and larger size. They are known for their frequent singing, with melodious melodies that can be heard from morning to night.
During the summer, robins can be found throughout Alaska, and some individuals persist year-round along the remote south coast.
Since American Robins do not often visit seed feeders, entice them with mealworms, native fruit-bearing trees, or bird baths.
10:big change information
Scientific Name: Acanthis flammea
Length: 4.7 – 5.5 inches
Weight: 0.4 – 0.7 ounces
Wingspan: 7.5 – 8.7 inches
Common Redpolls, charming members of the finch family, boast a rounded shape with a brown-streaked body, yellow beak, and a distinctive red patch atop their heads. Males additionally feature a pinkish wash on their breast.
These northern birds spend their summers in the high Arctic, then migrate south to Canada for the winter. Notably, they have been observed tunneling into snow to create insulated sleeping spaces overnight.
While remaining year-round in the southern half of the state, Common Redpolls are only found in northern Alaska during the summer. During the winter, they readily visit bird feeders, showing a preference for small seeds like thistle.
Scientific Name: Passerella iliaca
Length: 5.9 – 7.5 inches
Weight: 0.9 – 1.6 ounces
Wingspan: 10.5 – 11.4 inches
Fox Sparrows, named for the rich red and orange coat resembling a fox, exhibit distinctive coloring across four groups: Red, Sooty, Slate-colored, and Thick-billed. Common yet reclusive, they prefer dense thickets and brush.
During the summer breeding season, Fox Sparrows are widespread throughout most of Alaska and migrate to the southeastern U.S. for the winter. A small population remains year-round along the inland passage.
While they may visit backyard feeders to pick at fallen seeds, Fox Sparrows are more inclined to visit fruiting shrubs.
12:dark – eyed junco
Scientific Name: Junco hyemalis
Length: 5.5-6.3 inches
Weight: 0.6-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 7.1-9.8 inches
The Dark-eyed Junco exhibits various colorations across the United States, with individuals in the eastern U.S. and Alaska featuring dark gray heads, chests, backs, wings, and tails, complemented by a white belly extending to the bottom of the tail. Females may appear buffy brown instead of gray. Recognizable by their pale pink beaks and roundish body shape, Juncos are commonly found in forests and wooded areas, often hopping around on the ground. Year-round residents along the southern coast of Alaska, Juncos occasionally visit feeders, showing a preference for mixed seeds.
Scientific Name: Certhia americana
Length: 4.7 – 5.5 inches
Weight: 0.2 – 0.3 ounces
Wingspan: 6.7 – 7.9 inches
The Brown Creeper, a small bird, adeptly clings to large tree trunks, methodically moving upward while foraging for insects in bark crevices. Despite being fairly common, their well-camouflaged back makes them challenging to spot.
Known for building unique nests, Brown Creepers prefer dead or dying trees, fashioning hammock-shaped nests behind large, loose pieces of bark. Researchers often use them to assess ecosystem health in heavily logged areas.
Found year-round in southern Alaska, Brown Creepers rarely come to bird feeders but can be enticed with suet in winter.
14:red -breasted nuthatch
Scientific Name: Sitta canadensis
Length: 4.3 inches
Weight: 0.3-0.5 ounces
Wingspan: 7.1-7.9 inches
These diminutive nuthatches feature a dark gray back, a chest and belly adorned in rusty hues ranging from bold to pale, and a prominently black and white striped face. Quick and agile, they are commonly spotted hopping around on tree trunks and branches, foraging for insects beneath the bark. Red-breasted Nuthatches build their nests in tree cavities and are known to utilize backyard nest boxes.
Year-round residents, Red-breasted Nuthatches are exclusively found along the southern Alaskan coast and the inner passage.
These nuthatches readily visit feeders. To attract them, provide sunflower seeds, peanuts, or suet.
Scientific Name: Melospiza melodia
Length: 4.7-6.7 inches
Weight: 0.4-1.9 ounces
Wingspan: 7.1-9.4 inches
Song Sparrows, widely distributed across North America, display variable plumage, with brown backs and wings, heavy chest streaks, and a light belly. Regional variations may include darker hues and grayer tones in the western U.S. Males use their songs for both attracting females and defending territory.
Year-round residents in Alaska, Song Sparrows can be found along the southern coast and the Aleutian Islands. Occasionally, they visit bird feeders, enjoying mixed seeds and sunflower seeds.
Scientific Name: Leuconotopicus villosus
Length: 7.1-10.2 inches
Weight: 1.4-3.4 ounces
Wingspan: 13.0-16.1 inches
Distinguishing Hairy Woodpeckers from Downy Woodpeckers can be challenging, as they share similar markings, with the Hairy’s larger size being a key difference. These woodpecker species are commonly found in the same regions of the country. However, Hairy Woodpeckers are less frequent visitors to bird feeders compared to Downy Woodpeckers.
Year-round residents in central and southern Alaska, some Hairy Woodpeckers may migrate further south during the winter. In Alaska, the white parts of their plumage may take on a brownish stain.
While not as prevalent as Downy Woodpeckers, Hairy Woodpeckers do visit suet and seed feeders.
17: red -crossbill
Scientific Name: Loxia curvirostra
The Red Crossbill’s unique crisscrossed bill is a distinctive feature enabling them to break into unopened conifer cones, giving them an advantage in accessing seeds. Males display an all-red plumage with gray wings, while females exhibit a yellow hue. Their ability to breed at any time of the year is facilitated by the availability of conifer seeds in their diet. Year-round residents in southeastern Alaska, Red Crossbills are unlikely to visit bird feeders but can be spotted in yards with cone-producing evergreen trees
Scientific Name: Bombycilla garrulus
Length: 6.3 – 7.5 inches
Weight: 1.6 – 2.4 ounces
Wingspan: 13.0 inches
Bohemian Waxwings are easily identifiable by their tawny brown head and chest, dark gray wings, yellow-tipped short tail, black eye mask, and large fluffy brown crest. Named for small red waxy nubs at the tips of their wings, their purpose remains uncertain. Migratory, Bohemian Waxwings can be found throughout most of Alaska during the summer months. While they won’t eat from seed feeders, they can be attracted to yards with native trees and shrubs producing small fruits and berries.
Scientific Name: Colaptes auratus
Length: 11.0-12.2 inches
Weight: 3.9-5.6 ounces
Wingspan: 16.5-20.1 inches
Medium to large-sized woodpeckers, Northern Flickers are notable for their colorful plumage, black spots on their bellies, solid black bib, red patch on the back of their necks, and barred black and gray wings. In Alaska, the “yellow-shafted” variety features bright yellow feathers on the underside of their wings and tail. Visiting Alaska during the summer, Northern Flickers may not frequent feeders as much but can be observed at suet feeders and digging for bugs around leaf piles.
20:chestnut – backed chickadee
Scientific Name: Poecile rufescens
Length: 3.9-4.7 inches
Weight: 0.3-0.4 ounces
Wingspan: 7.5 inches
Chestnut-backed Chickadees, recognized by their “black cap” and black bib, are small birds with a chestnut back and sides in the northern areas of their range, including Alaska. Using fur from various animals in their nests, they are quick and curious, often displaying bravery around humans near bird feeders. Year-round residents along the southern coast, Chestnut-backed Chickadees readily visit most seed feeders, particularly enjoying mixed seed blends and black sunflower seeds.
Scientific Name: Spinus pinus
Length: 4.3-5.5 inches
Weight: 0.4-0.6 ounces
Wingspan: 7.1-8.7 inches
Pine Siskins, tiny members of the finch family with sharply pointed beaks, are brown and white streaked all over. Distinguished by yellow along their wings and sides of their tails, they are considered nomadic, following good seed crops each winter. Along the southern coast all year, with a migratory population spending summers in the interior of Alaska, Pine Siskins readily visit nyjer (thistle) feeders and may consume millet or hulled sunflower.
Scientific Name: Cyanocitta stelleri
Length: 11.8-13.4 inches
Weight: 3.5-4.9 ounces
Wingspan: 17.3 inches
Steller’s Jay, with a striking appearance, features a large, brownish-black top half and a bright blue bottom half. Sporting a flickable crest displayed during courtship or aggression, they inhabit evergreen forests, campgrounds, parks, and backyards. Year-round residents in Alaska, primarily in the southeast, Steller’s Jays are attracted to bird feeders with offerings of peanuts, large seeds, and nuts.
Scientific Name: Ixoreus naevius
Length: 7.5-10.2 inches
Weight: 2.3-3.5 ounces
Wingspan: 13.4-15.0 inches
The Varied Thrush, a large robin-sized songbird, boasts a bright orange throat, eyebrow stripe, belly, and wingbars. Males display a dark blue-gray face, back, and tail, while females lean towards gray-brown. Thriving in dense Pacific northwest forests, they primarily feed on insects and arthropods in summer, transitioning to fruits, berries, acorns, and nuts during winter. While a few remain in certain pockets year-round, Varied Thrushes are mostly found throughout Alaska during spring and summer. Winter backyard visitors, they may consume seed from ground feeders or fallen from hanging feeders, especially hulled sunflower.
Scientific Name: Corvus corax
Length: 22.1-27.2 inches
Weight: 24.3-57.3 ounces
Wingspan: 45.7-46.5 inches
Common Ravens, solid black in color and large in size, are known for their high intelligence. Residing year-round throughout all of Alaska, they coexist comfortably in both human-populated and remote wilderness areas. Recognized for their diverse vocalizations, Common Ravens, while generally avoiding bird feeders due to their size, may be observed around trash or outdoor pet food
BIRD WATCHING IN ALASKA
Alaska is a birdwatcher’s paradise, offering enthusiasts the opportunity to extend their hobby beyond backyard bird feeders. The Alaska Audubon Society facilitates engagement through meetups, workshops, field trips, and birding tours, providing avenues for deeper involvement in this avian adventure.
ALASKA BIRDING LOCATIONS
For Alaska residents eager to expand their life list, here’s a compilation of popular birding locations in the state:
Denali National Park: Home to a diverse range of bird species, Denali provides stunning landscapes alongside opportunities to spot eagles, falcons, and ptarmigans.
Kenai Fjords National Park: Coastal and marine birding thrive here, with puffins, kittiwakes, and murres adorning the cliffs and waters.
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: A haven for migratory birds, this refuge hosts a variety of waterfowl, shorebirds, and songbirds in a pristine Arctic setting.
Mendenhall Wetlands State Game Refuge: Located in Juneau, this refuge attracts waterfowl, eagles, and other birdlife against a backdrop of scenic wetlands.
Creamer’s Migratory Waterfowl Refuge: Located in Fairbanks, this refuge is an important stop for waterfowl during migration, providing excellent viewing opportunities.
Homer Spit: Known for its accessible birding sites, Homer Spit offers the chance to see seabirds, shorebirds, and waterfowl.
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge: Offering a mix of coastal and forested habitats, Kodiak Island is home to many bird species, including puffins and bald eagles.
Nome: A hotspot for rare bird viewing, Nome, with its unique location, attracts both migratory and resident species.
Explore these locations and immerse yourself in Alaska’s rich bird watching scene. For more detailed information about each location, including local birding events and festivals, visit birdwatchersdigest.org ._
HOW TO ATTRACT BIRDS TO YOUR YARD
Want to bring the wonders of birds closer to home? Consider these five simple tips, starting with the most obvious.
PLACING Bird Feeders The most direct method of attracting birds is to place bird feeders in your yard. Choose from a simple tube feeder, hopper feeder, platform feeder or window feeder. Each serves its purpose in feeding different species of birds.
ADD A WATER SOURCE Introduce the element of water into your yard, serving as both a bird bath and a drinking spot. A pedestal birdbath or a modest terracotta flower pot saucer can do the trick. Add extra appeal with a solar fountain, creating a moving stream of water that further attracts birds.
BIRD HOUSE INCENTIVES Provide nesting options by placing bird houses in strategic locations. Some bird species, like Eastern Bluebirds, are willing to feed birds. Make sure the location and time are right for the best chance of filling. A thoughtfully chosen aviary can quickly become a sought-after home.
PROVIDE Shelter Establish a bird-friendly environment with trees, bushes and shrubs that provide cover. Birds rely on these features for protection from predators. If your yard lacks mature trees, incorporate landscaping strategically to provide a sense of security for birds.
ADD NATURAL PLANTS Enhance your bird-friendly shelter by planting native plants that yield nuts, berries and seeds. This natural bounty suits the dietary preferences of many bird species. Avoid invasive or non-native plant species, as they can disrupt the ecosystem and pose a risk to native birds unfamiliar with these species.
Attracting a variety of birds to your yard involves a thoughtful combination of food, water, shelter, and a native-friendly environment. Implement these tips and turn your yard into a haven for your feathered friends.
10 DIFFERENT TYPES OF BIRD FEEDERS
Here are 10 of the most popular bird feeders that people set up in their yards.
Hopper feeders – Hopper feeders get their name because they have a compartment in the middle called a hopper that holds bird seed. On both sides there are perches for birds to perch and eat. Many feeders are shaped like houses, with a lid on top to keep the seeds dry. Use black sunflower seeds or mixed bird seed for this type of feed. This is one of my favorite hopper feeders , it is also squirrel resistant.
Pedestal feeders – Sometimes called tray feeders, pedestal feeders are open at the top and can often be hung from a tree or hook or mounted on a pole. They are great for feeding most types of birds and are easy to set up. Although they are completely open so any animal in your yard that can reach them will eat them. Use black sunflower seeds or bird seed mix for this type of feed. I am currently using this foundation loader in my backyard.
Tube Bird Feeders – Tube feeders are nothing more than clear plastic tubular bird feeders. They can vary in size, from holding a few cups of seed to weighing 5 lbs or more. They are great because they keep your seeds fresh and dry while also allowing you to easily sow when you need to refill. Many types of birds will use feeding tubes. You can use black sunflower seeds and mixed seeds in tubes. Squirrel Buster makes some of the best feeder tubes on the market, they are great and of course squirrel resistant.
Grease dispenser – A grease dispenser for a type of bird food called suet cake. They are a very simple concept, often made of nothing more than a metal wire cage, sometimes with a lowered tail support for larger birds. Suet feeders are popular in winter when birds are looking for rich food and are frequently visited by woodpeckers. I recommend purchasing a fat feeder with a long tail support so you can attract larger woodpeckers, like the Pileated and Northern Flicker.
Window Feeders – Window feeders are small bird feeders that are usually mounted right on the glass window using a suction cup. They are similar to seed feeders in that they open at the top and you simply pour seeds into the tray area to refill. These feeders are popular with many different types of birds, are easy to start, and great for those who don’t have a large yard. Use black sunflower seeds or bird seed mix for this type of feed. This is by far the most popular window feeder on Amazon, and possibly the most popular bird feeder on Amazon overall.
Thistle Feeders – Thistle feeders, also known as Nyjer feeders, are specialized bird feeders made specifically for thistle seeds. The main types of birds that thistle eaters attract are birds in the finch family, with American goldfinches and house sparrows both on this list. Thistle feeders are usually tube-shaped and have small holes along the sides of the tube so the bird can remove the thistle. Here’s a good thistle feeder from Droll Yankees.
Above ground feeders – Above ground feeders are more or less tray feeders that sit on the ground. They will be very popular with birds such as Mourning Doves and Juncos as well as squirrels, raccoons and any other type of ground animal. Use black sunflower seeds or bird seed mix for this type of feed. You might like this soil leveler made from recycled plastic.
Oriole Feeder – Oriole feeder is another special type of feeder for quite a variety of birds, orioles. The feeder itself is usually orange in color and often has a few plastic or glass dishes used to hold jelly, which orioles love. They also allow you to stick half an orange on the feeder, another food that orioles love. This is a simple oriole tray with 4 jelly trays containing orange halves.
Hummingbird feeder – Hummingbird honey feeder, also known as hummingbird feeder, is specifically designed for hummingbirds to suck up sugar water. Even though they are designed for hummingbirds, I regularly see Downy woodpeckers at my house who also enjoy that sweet nectar. Check out this article to learn how to make hummingbird nectar without boiling water. Hummingbird feeders are simple and cheap so there is no need to spend a lot of money on one, this is the one I have personally used with success.
Peanut Feeders – Similar to thistle feeders, peanut feeders come in a tube shape and are typically made of metal wire mesh material. It’s just that the holes in the wire mesh are much farther apart to allow shelled or unshelled peanuts to pass through the holes. These feeders attract birds like Blue Jays and as the name suggests, should be filled with peanuts. If you want to keep squirrels out of your peanut tray, this product from Squirrel Buster is the best choice for you. If not then this simple one will do the trick.