Arkansas is home to a diverse array of wild avian species. This article will explore some of the most frequently observed birds in Arkansas, particularly those found in proximity to residences. Among these, certain species are permanent residents, while others are migratory, seasonal visitors. Thus, we will delve into the profiles of 27 backyard birds in Arkansas, gaining insights into each species.
Following this, I will guide you on ways to attract these birds to your yard. Additionally, a concise overview of the ten different types of bird feeders available for this purpose will be provided. The article will also touch upon noteworthy birdwatching locations and birding organizations in Arkansas.
What is the total number of wild bird species in Arkansas?
Accurately determining the exact count of bird species in North America, the United States, or specifically Arkansas poses a challenge. According to the Arkansas Audubon Society’s 2018 data, the official state list includes 419 bird species. Discrepancies exist in various sources, with one asserting 2,059 species in North America, and another, an older reference, suggesting only 914. While the accuracy of these figures may be uncertain, they offer a rough estimate of the species count.
For the purpose of this article, the focus will be on spotlighting some of the preferred backyard species in Arkansas.
27 BACKYARD BIRDS IN ARKANSAS
The subsequent section will present 27 backyard bird species in Arkansas, encompassing both year-round residents and seasonal visitors. It is important to note that these do not represent the entirety of the state’s avian population, but they do include some of the more noteworthy and easily recognizable backyard birds in Arkansas, many of which may frequent your bird feeders. Let’s delve into the details!
Species: Sialia sialis
Size: 6.3-8.3 inches
Weight: 1.0-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 9.8-12.6 inches
Remaining true to their name, bluebirds exhibit a regal blue hue atop their bodies, complemented by rusty reddish-orange chests and white underbellies. The coloration is consistent between males and females, although the female’s hues appear somewhat subdued and faded, particularly the blue shade. Bluebirds are highly coveted occupants of birdhouses across the United States, contributing to the thriving bluebird house industry. While they are frequently found in backyards, their presence at feeders is not as common. Setting up a birdhouse can increase your chances of attracting a mating pair; personally, I achieved success with a birdhouse purchased on Amazon.
In specific regions of North America, bluebirds engage in migration, but this is not the case in Arkansas. The Eastern Bluebird, prevalent throughout the year in this region, can be observed consistently. For more information on supporting bluebirds in Arkansas, consider visiting the Bella Vista Bluebird Society.
Bluebirds typically do not include seeds in their diet, but they can be lured to feeders by placing mealworms on a tray feeder or in a dish.
Scientific Name: Haemorhous mexicanus
Length: 5.1-5.5 inches
Weight: 0.6-0.9 ounces
Wingspan: 7.9-9.8 inches
The House Finch is a prevalent bird in residential areas across both the eastern and western regions of the country. However, their presence may be inconsistent in parts of the central U.S. If you successfully attract them, which is a relatively straightforward task, they typically gather in groups at your feeders. Males typically exhibit a primarily streaked brown coloration with some red on the head and chest, while females are uniformly brown.
House Finches are more frequently observed in the northern and eastern regions of Arkansas, although their habitat range may be undergoing rapid changes, expanding west and south.
Similar to other finches, House Finches frequently visit thistle feeders. They are commonly sighted at seed feeders, more so than Goldfinches, so offering black sunflower seeds can also be an effective means of attracting them.
Scientific Name: Turdus migratorius
Length: 7.9-11.0 inches
Weight: 2.7-3.0 ounces
Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 inches
Robins are highly prevalent in backyards, often observed hopping around the grass in search of worms and other invertebrates. While they may occasionally visit bird feeders, their diet typically excludes seeds. Identifying them is relatively easy due to their bright red, rounded bellies, and yellow beaks. In many regions, they retreat to wooded areas during winter, reappearing in yards during the spring. This seasonal pattern may create the impression of migration, but in most cases, they remain in the state throughout the winter.
Robins can be found in Arkansas throughout the entire year.
American Robins infrequently visit bird feeders, so enticing them with mealworms, native fruit-bearing plants, or providing a bird bath can be effective.
Scientific Name: Zenaida macroura
Length: 9.1-13.4 inches
Weight: 3.0-6.0 ounces
Wingspan: 17.7 inches
Similar in size to a robin, doves are a frequent sight in backyards, often perching on telephone wires or gathering in trees. While I occasionally spot them on my tray feeder, they are more commonly observed walking on the ground. Mourning doves typically display a predominantly gray plumage with black spots on top, a light peachy color below, and distinctive pink legs.
Mourning doves can be found throughout the entire year across the state of Arkansas.
Doves frequently visit seed feeders but prefer foraging on the ground for fallen seeds. Consider using a ground feeder with a mixed seed blend or simply scatter seeds on the ground to attract them.
Scientific Name: Sturnus vulgaris
Length: 7.9-9.1 inches
Weight: 2.1-3.4 ounces
Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 inches
In the 1890s, around 100 starlings were released in New York, and since then, they have become widespread across the country. This invasive species is known for causing harm by destroying the nests of other birds, killing their young, and dominating feeders to the detriment of other bird species. Starlings typically exhibit a dark plumage with white specks on their backs and wings, complemented by yellow beaks and feet. In certain lighting conditions, they can also display a purple and green iridescence, appearing rather attractive.
Regrettably, this invasive species is present year-round in every one of the lower 48 states, including Arkansas.
European Starlings have a highly adaptable diet, consuming almost anything. Given their invasive nature, it is not recommended to intentionally attract them, as they tend to appear regardless.
Scientific Name: Spinus tristis
Length: 4.3-5.1 inches
Weight: 0.4-0.7 ounces
Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 inches
Goldfinches rank among my favorite birds to observe at feeders, especially when adorned with their vibrant yellow plumage in the spring and summer. During this period, they predominantly display a bright yellow or “gold” color, featuring black-tipped wings, and males showcase a distinctive black cap on top of their heads. In the winter, they undergo molting, and their brilliant yellow hues transition to a more subdued brownish or olive tone. However, they remain recognizable throughout the year by the black markings on their wings and their finch-like beaks.
Goldfinches can be spotted year-round in Arkansas.
These birds have a preference for thistle feeders, although they may also consume sunflower chips. Using a thistle feeder provides the best opportunity to attract them.
7:dark- eyed junco
Scientific Name: Junco hyemalis
Length: 5.5-6.3 inches
Weight: 0.6-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 7.1-9.8 inches
Juncos are often associated with winter in the U.S., as they spend their summers in Canada. Across the U.S., there are various sub-species with slight color variations. In Arkansas, the slate-colored junco is the most prevalent, but Oregon, pink-sided, gray-headed, and white-winged varieties are occasionally observed in the state.
Identifying them can be challenging due to the variety of sub-species that may visit Arkansas during winter. However, some consistent features across all dark-eyed junco varieties include a pale pink beak and a roundish body shape. They typically have darker coloring on the head and back, contrasting with a lighter belly. These birds are commonly found in forests and wooded areas, where they can be seen hopping around on the ground.
Dark-eyed Juncos are specifically present in Arkansas during the winter months.
While Juncos may occasionally visit feeders, they generally prefer to forage on the ground underneath feeders, where other birds drop seeds. They have a preference for mixed seeds.
Scientific name: Melanerpes carolinus
Length: 9.4 in
Weight: 2.0-3.2 oz
Wingspan: 13.0-16.5 in
These medium-sized woodpeckers are fairly common at feeders and in backyards in general. Though they are described as “red-bellied” you may first notice the bright red streak along the back of their heads. They have a plain white breast with an area of pinkish red lower down in their “belly” area which is often not visible. Their wings are what really makes them easy to identify though, with the white and black barring.
Red-bellied woodpeckers live all year throughout Arkansas.
Attract red-bellied woodpeckers with a suet feeder, though they will also sometimes eat at seed feeders, especially if peanuts are offered.
Scientific Name: Picoides pubescens
Length: 5.5-6.7 inches
Weight: 0.7-1.0 ounces
Wingspan: 9.8-11.8 inches
Downy woodpeckers are prevalent backyard birds that eagerly visit bird feeders. As the smallest woodpeckers in North America, they are often among the first species to appear at new bird feeders. Easily distinguishable by their all-white underbodies, black wings adorned with white spots, black and white striped heads, and a red spot on the back of their heads (in males, females lack the red spot). Although they closely resemble the Hairy Woodpecker, the downy is notably smaller.
Downy Woodpeckers can be found throughout the entire year in Arkansas.
These woodpeckers are frequent visitors to various types of bird feeders. To attract them, provide a mix of seeds, black sunflower seeds, and suet.
Scientific Name: Quiscalus quiscula
Length: 11.0-13.4 inches
Weight: 2.6-5.0 ounces
Wingspan: 14.2-18.1 inches
While Grackles fall into the category of bully birds, akin to starlings, they possess a certain beauty when illuminated by the right light, showcasing iridescent feathers. Although they often appear black, hues of blue, green, brown, and purple become apparent in optimal lighting. Females lean more towards a brown coloration. Grackles occasionally form roosts with other blackbirds, congregating in massive flocks that can number in the millions. They are easily recognizable by their uniform coloring, long narrow body and tail, and a yellow-ringed eye.
Grackles can be found year-round throughout the state of Arkansas.
As foragers, Grackles have a diverse diet and will consume nearly anything, earning them a reputation as pests.
11: white- breasted nuthatch
Scientific Name: Sitta carolinensis
Length: 5.1-5.5 inches
Weight: 0.6-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 7.9-10.6 inches
White-breasted nuthatches are frequently encountered feeder birds present in most backyards within their range. The name “nuthatch” originates from their behavior of stashing nuts and seeds under tree bark, utilizing their sharp beaks to extract the seed from the shell. These birds exhibit a remarkable ability to walk vertically on trees, surpassing many other bird species. White-breasted nuthatches feature a distinctive thick black stripe on top of their heads, flanked by white on either side and on their bellies, while their wings are predominantly gray and black.
The white-breasted nuthatch is a year-round resident in Arkansas.
Nuthatches are visitors to various seed feeders, and providing them with mixed seed blends, black sunflower seeds, peanuts, or suet is recommended. They often exhibit a grab-and-run behavior, swiftly taking a seed and flying off to either consume it or cache it in a nearby tree.
Scientific Name: Mimus polyglottos
Length: 8.3-10.2 inches
Weight: 1.6-2.0 ounces
Wingspan: 12.2-13.8 inches
Mockingbirds derive their name from their remarkable ability to mimic the songs of various bird species. It’s estimated that a male mockingbird can learn up to 200 different songs in its lifetime. These medium-sized backyard birds typically showcase a predominantly gray and white coloration and are further distinguishable by their relatively long tail feathers. They are commonly found residing in tall bushes and can display aggressiveness towards intruding birds.
Northern Mockingbirds are year-round residents throughout the state of Arkansas.
While Northern Mockingbirds are frequently observed in backyards, they generally do not visit bird feeders. To attract them to your yard, consider implementing other measures such as planting fruit-bearing bushes or providing a bird bath.
Scientific Name: Cardinalis cardinalis
Length: 8.3-9.1 inches
Weight: 1.5-1.7 ounces
Wingspan: 9.8-12.2 inches
Northern Cardinals stand out as one of the most distinctive and prevalent backyard birds in North America. Males boast vibrant red feathers and a black mask, while females exhibit more muted colors, leaning towards pale brown with some reddish hues. Both genders are easily identifiable by their “mohawks” and reddish-orange beaks.
Northern Cardinals are present year-round throughout Arkansas.
These birds commonly visit a variety of seed feeders, and providing them with mixed seed blends and black sunflower seeds is recommended to attract them to your yard.
Scientific Name: Baeolophus bicolor
Length: 5.5-6.3 inches
Weight: 0.6-0.9 ounces
Wingspan: 7.9-10.2 inches
These petite birds are a common sight at feeders and in backyards within their range. Similar to Cardinals, they feature a small crest or “mohawk” that aids in distinguishing them from other bird species. Titmice exhibit a silver-gray coloration on their upper side and are lighter on the underside, with a distinct black patch just above their beaks.
The Tufted Titmouse is a year-round resident throughout Arkansas.
Titmice are regular visitors to a variety of seed feeders, and providing them with mixed seed blends and black sunflower seeds is an effective way to attract them to your yard.
Scientific Name: Poecile carolinensis
Length: 3.9-4.7 inches
Weight: 0.3-0.4 ounces
Wingspan: 5.9-7.9 inches
Chickadees are diminutive birds that stand out with their distinctive “black cap” and black bib, making them easily recognizable. Their cheeks sport a solid white color, while their wings and backs are gray, and their underbodies appear puffy and light.
Carolina Chickadees, distinct from their closely related cousins, the Black-capped Chickadees found further north, are common backyard birds in Arkansas. They frequently visit bird feeders, showcasing an energetic pattern of darting back and forth between the feeder and cover. Chickadees are often noted for their bold and curious behavior, especially considering their small size.
Carolina Chickadees can be found in Arkansas throughout the entire year.
These birds commonly visit a variety of seed feeders, and providing them with mixed seed blends and black sunflower seeds is an effective way to attract them to your yard.
Scientific Name: Cyanocitta cristata
Length: 9.8-11.8 inches
Weight: 2.5-3.5 ounces
Wingspan: 13.4-16.9 inches
The Blue Jay is another highly recognizable bird species in North America and the U.S. Easily identified by the large blue crest on top of their heads, they predominantly feature blue feathers along their back and white feathers on their chest and belly. Their wings and tail are adorned with distinctive black stripes, and they have a black ring around their necks resembling a necklace. Emitting loud, metallic-sounding calls, Blue Jays are often among the first to alert nearby birds of potential predators, such as hawks.
Blue Jays are year-round residents throughout the entire state of Arkansas.
These birds are known to favor platform feeders, peanut feeders, and feeders with large perches. To attract them, consider offering black sunflower seeds, mixed seeds, and peanuts.
Scientific Name: Thryothorus ludovicianus
Length: 4.7-5.5 inches
Weight: 0.6-0.8 ounces
Wingspan: 11.4 inches
These petite birds exhibit a mostly reddish-brown color on their upper side and a lighter orangish hue on their underside. Identifiable by their longish, slightly curved beak and distinctive bold white “eyebrow,” Carolina Wrens are known for hiding in brush, making them challenging to spot. However, their loud “teakettle-teakettle” song is a distinctive identifier.
Carolina Wrens are year-round residents in Arkansas.
These birds are commonly found in backyards and are frequently observed visiting suet feeders.
Scientific Name: Passer domesticus
Length: 5.9-6.7 inches
Weight: 0.9-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 inches
Generally regarded as pests, House Sparrows are the only other species of wild birds in the U.S., besides starlings, that can be legally trapped and humanely killed. Introduced in New York in the 1800s, much like starlings, they have rapidly proliferated across the country. These birds predominantly display a brown color, with black and brown streaking on their wings and a buffy chest. Known for their overall aggressiveness, particularly around nests, House Sparrows pose a challenge to other bird species.
House Sparrows are widespread throughout Arkansas.
Similar to European Starlings, House Sparrows are invasive and represent a threat to native species. They are known to consume a wide variety of food items.
Scientific Name: Agelaius phoeniceus
Length: 6.7-9.1 inches
Weight: 1.1-2.7 ounces
Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 inches
Among the most abundant birds in all of North America, male Red-winged Blackbirds are easily recognizable by their red and yellow “shoulders” that contrast with their black bodies. On the other hand, females of this species exhibit a markedly different appearance, being predominantly brown with light streaks. Red-winged Blackbirds are known as a polygynous species, with males mating with up to 15 different females. However, they can occasionally be disruptive at feeders, appearing in flocks and quickly consuming available seed.
Red-winged Blackbirds are present year-round throughout Arkansas.
These birds are visitors to various types of feeders and consume both seed and suet.
20:brown – headed cowbird
Scientific Name: Molothrus ater
Length: 7.5-8.7 inches
Weight: 1.5-1.8 ounces
Wingspan: 12.6-15.0 inches
Brown-headed Cowbirds are often categorized with “blackbirds,” not just due to the color of the males but also because they tend to travel in large flocks, sometimes mingling with actual blackbirds, and can overwhelm your feeders. Males showcase an iridescent black body with a dark brown head, while females exhibit an all-over lighter brown coloration.
Regrettably, cowbirds are “nest parasites” and lay their eggs in the nests of other birds, reducing the numbers of other species. They may either sneak in and lay one egg among the others or displace other eggs from the nest to make room for their own. Many birds fail to recognize the imposter egg and end up raising the cowbird chick as their own.
Brown-headed Cowbirds are present year-round throughout Arkansas.
These birds readily visit feeders, sometimes in large groups, and will consume various types of mixed seeds.
Scientific Name: Colaptes auratus
Length: 11.0-12.2 inches
Weight: 3.9-5.6 ounces
Wingspan: 16.5-20.1 inches
These medium to large-sized woodpeckers are commonly found in backyards throughout the United States, although they are not extremely frequent visitors to feeders. Considered by many as among the most colorful birds in North America, Flickers primarily feed on insects and, unlike other woodpeckers, often forage on the ground rather than in trees. Their identification features include black spots on their bellies, a solid black bib, a red patch on the back of their necks, and barred black and gray wings. Males are further distinguished by a black “mustache.” In Arkansas, the variety observed is the “yellow-shafted,” featuring bright yellow feathers on the underside of their wings and tail.
Northern Flickers can be observed year-round throughout Arkansas.
While Northern Flickers occasionally visit suet feeders, they typically find their own food. However, they are known to visit bird baths if available.
Scientific Name: Corvus brachyrhynchos
Length: 15.8-20.9 inches
Weight: 11.2-21.9 ounces
Wingspan: 33.5-39.4 inches
American Crows are characterized by their solid black coloration and substantial size. Renowned for their high intelligence, akin to their cousin, the raven, crows are adept problem solvers. They tend to roost in the upper reaches of trees in large groups, providing them with a bird’s eye view of their surroundings. If a potential threat, such as an owl or hawk, emerges, the roost engages in vocalizations to alert others to the nearby danger.
Crows are present year-round throughout the entire state of Arkansas.
Being omnivores, American Crows typically do not frequent bird feeders due to their large size.
23:white – throated sparrow
Scientific Name: Zonotrichia albicollis
Length: 6.3-7.1 inches
Weight: 0.8-1.1 ounces
Wingspan: 7.9-9.1 inches
White-throated Sparrows are commonly found across much of the U.S. during the winter months, migrating to Canada in the summer for breeding. Their distinctive white throat patch facilitates easy identification among sparrows, along with a bold facial pattern featuring black and white stripes and yellow spots between the eyes. Females often nest on or just above the ground in concealed areas of dense brush and vegetation.
White-throated Sparrows are prevalent throughout Arkansas but only during the winter months.
These sparrows readily visit feeders and are inclined to pick up fallen seeds below feeders. Offering sunflower seeds, millet, and mixed seed blends is recommended to attract them.
Scientific Name: Sayornis phoebe
Length: 5.5-6.7 inches
Weight: 0.6-0.7 ounces
Wingspan: 10.2-11.0 inches
Eastern Phoebes are charming, round songbirds whose distinctive call is well-known across the northeast during the spring and summer. Featuring a grayish-brown back and tail, with a slightly darker head and face, their throat, breast, and belly exhibit a light coloration that can appear white or pale yellow. As members of the flycatcher family, Eastern Phoebes primarily feed on flying insects, and they have a preference for nesting under the eaves of overhangs. Generally, Eastern Phoebes tend to be solitary birds, not often forming groups.
In Arkansas, Eastern Phoebes can be found along the northern border during the summer, year-round throughout most of the central portion of the state, and may only be present during the winter in the far southeastern corner.
While they are not known to visit bird feeders, Eastern Phoebes may frequent yards with wooded areas supporting flying insects, or if there is a barn or shed with a roof overhang that they find attractive for nesting.
Scientific Name: Passerina cyanea
Length: 4.7-5.1 inches
Weight: 0.4-0.6 ounces
Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 inches
These exquisite buntings embark on nocturnal migrations, journeying from their wintering grounds in Mexico and southern Florida. While females are primarily brown with subtle hints of blue, males display a vibrant blue plumage with some black on their wings. Interestingly, the intense blue coloring results from the way their feathers reflect light rather than containing blue pigment. During the summer, you can spot them singing along the edges of fields and woods.
Indigo Buntings are present throughout Arkansas during the spring and summer only.
Although not as frequent at feeders, they may occasionally visit, especially if you provide a mix of seeds and nyjer.
Scientific Name: Toxostoma rufum
Length: 9.1-11.8 inches
Weight: 2.1-3.1 ounces
Wingspan: 11.4-12.6 inches
The Brown Thrasher boasts a warm brown color with a heavily streaked breast and belly. Featuring a robust black beak and a yellow eye, these birds are often observed thrashing through fallen leaves, presumably in search of insects (though this assumption is not definitive). Renowned as accomplished songbirds, Brown Thrashers are believed to have an extensive repertoire of over 1100 different songs, including imitations of other bird species.
Brown Thrashers can be found in Arkansas year-round.
While Brown Thrashers are not frequent visitors to bird feeders, they may occasionally pick up seeds on the ground. Their primary method of foraging involves digging through leaves and sticks to find insects for their food.
27:ruby- throated hummingbird
Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris
Length: 2.8-3.5 inches
Weight: 0.1-0.2 ounces
Wingspan: 3.1-4.3 inches
While primarily common in the eastern half of the United States, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds stand out as the most abundant species of hummingbirds in the country. They also hold the distinction of being the sole breeding species of hummingbird found in the Eastern U.S. The males of this species are named for their bright ruby-red throat, complementing their emerald-green backs, wings, and heads, along with white underparts. In contrast, females lack the distinctive red throat feathers.
Although there might be a few wandering species of hummingbirds in Arkansas, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are generally the predominant hummingbirds found in the state. They are present throughout the state from Spring to Fall.
To attract Ruby-throated Hummingbirds to your backyard, it is advisable to put out nectar feeders, with the optimal time being in April or May.
BIRD WATCHING IN ARKANSAS
Arkansas offers an exceptional experience for bird enthusiasts eager to extend their hobby beyond the confines of their backyard. The Arkansas Audubon Society provides various opportunities for engagement, including meetups, workshops, field trips, and birding tours, catering to those seeking a deeper involvement in birding.
For residents of Arkansas aiming to expand their life list with new bird species, the following compilation highlights some popular birding locations in the state.
HOW TO ATTRACT BIRDS TO YOUR YARD
If you’re eager to invite these delightful birds into your yard, consider these five straightforward tips, starting with the most evident.
- PUT OUT BIRD FEEDERS: The most effective and straightforward method is to place one or two bird feeders in your yard. Consider starting with a simple tube feeder, hopper feeder, platform feeder, or a window feeder. See below for recommendations for each.
- ADD A WATER SOURCE: Introduce a water feature like a pedestal birdbath or a terra cotta flower pot saucer, providing birds with a space not just for bathing but also for drinking. Enhance the allure by incorporating a solar fountain, enticing birds with the allure of moving water.
- OFFER BIRDHOUSES: Numerous bird species readily take up residence in birdhouses if strategically placed at the right time of year. Eastern Bluebirds, in particular, are sought after. A well-positioned birdhouse can attract them swiftly.
- PROVIDE SHELTER: Ensure your yard has trees, bushes, and shrubs that birds can utilize for cover when sensing danger. These features serve as their primary defense against predators. If your yard lacks mature trees, consider adding landscaping features that create a safe environment for birds.
- ADD NATIVE PLANTS: For birds that rely on nuts, berries, and seeds, native plants producing these items enhance your chances of attracting more species. Avoid invasive and non-native plants, as they may be harmful to native birds unaccustomed to these plant species.
Implementing these tips will likely turn your yard into a welcoming haven for a variety of feathered friends.
10 VARIETIES OF BIRD FEEDERS
Here, we present ten of the most frequently utilized bird feeders found in people’s yards.
- Hopper Feeder: This type features a central compartment, the hopper, for holding bird seed, with side perches for birds to land on and feed. Many hopper feeders resemble houses, topped to protect the seed from the elements. Ideal for black sunflower seeds or mixed bird seed.
- Platform Feeder: Also known as tray feeders, these are open on top and can be hung from a tree, hook, or pole-mounted. Suitable for various bird types but accessible to any yard animal. Best filled with black sunflower seeds or mixed birdseed.
- Tube Feeder: Clear plastic tube-shaped feeders ranging in size, preserving seed freshness while allowing easy refilling. Compatible with black sunflower seeds and mixed seeds. Notable for its squirrel-proof designs, Squirrel Buster produces some of the best tube feeders.
- Suet Feeder: Specifically designed for suet cakes, these feeders consist of a wire cage, sometimes with a tail-prop for larger birds like woodpeckers. Popular in winter for high-fat foods, especially favored by woodpeckers.
- Window Feeder: Small feeders that attach to glass windows with suction cups, similar to tray feeders. Easily refillable, appealing to various birds, and ideal for those with limited yard space. Suitable for black sunflower seeds or mixed birdseed.
- Thistle Feeder: Tailored for thistle seeds, attracting finches like the American Goldfinch and House Finch. Often tube-shaped with tiny holes along the sides for birds to extract thistle seeds.
- Ground Feeder: Tray feeders at ground level, favored by birds like Mourning Doves and Juncos, as well as ground animals like squirrels and raccoons. Recommended for black sunflower seeds or mixed birdseed.
- Oriole Feeder: Specialized for orioles, often orange with dishes for holding jelly and space for orange halves. A simple yet effective design.
- Hummingbird Feeder: Designed for hummingbirds to extract sugar water. Despite being intended for hummingbirds, other birds, like Downy Woodpeckers, may also be attracted.
- Peanut Feeder: Tube-shaped feeders with wider mesh for whole peanuts, attracting birds like Blue Jays. Squirrel Buster offers a squirrel-proof option for those wanting to keep squirrels at bay.